给大家介绍下CentOs7下如何通过编译去安装php7,教程为本人亲测。
1、下载php7.1.5(s上传到 /usr/local/src/),下载地址:http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-7.1.5.tar.gz

cd /usr/local/src

2、解压php7

tar -xvf php-7.1.5.tar.gz

3、移动解压之后的文件夹到 /usr/local/

mv php-7.1.5 /usr/local/php

4、进入php目录

cd /usr/local/php

5、安装依赖包

yum install libxml2 libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel libcurl libcurl-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel gmp gmp-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel readline readline-devel libxslt libxslt-devel

6、编译配置(如果出现错误,基本都是上一步的依赖文件没有安装所致),嫌麻烦的可以从这一步起参考PHP官方安装说明:http://php.net/manual/zh/install.unix.nginx.php (极简安装)

./configure
–prefix=/usr/local/php
–with-config-file-path=/etc
–enable-fpm
–with-fpm-user=nginx
–with-fpm-group=nginx
–enable-inline-optimization
–disable-debug
–disable-rpath
–enable-shared
–enable-soap
–with-libxml-dir
–with-xmlrpc
–with-openssl
–with-mcrypt
–with-mhash
–with-pcre-regex
–with-sqlite3
–with-zlib
–enable-bcmath
–with-iconv
–with-bz2
–enable-calendar
–with-curl
–with-cdb
–enable-dom
–enable-exif
–enable-fileinfo
–enable-filter
–with-pcre-dir
–enable-ftp
–with-gd
–with-openssl-dir
–with-jpeg-dir
–with-png-dir
–with-zlib-dir
–with-freetype-dir
–enable-gd-native-ttf
–enable-gd-jis-conv
–with-gettext
–with-gmp
–with-mhash
–enable-json
–enable-mbstring
–enable-mbregex
–enable-mbregex-backtrack
–with-libmbfl
–with-onig
–enable-pdo
–with-mysqli=mysqlnd
–with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd
–with-zlib-dir
–with-pdo-sqlite
–with-readline
–enable-session
–enable-shmop
–enable-simplexml
–enable-sockets
–enable-sysvmsg
–enable-sysvsem
–enable-sysvshm
–enable-wddx
–with-libxml-dir
–with-xsl
–enable-zip
–enable-mysqlnd-compression-support
–with-pear
–enable-opcache

6、正式安装

make && make install

7、配置环境变量

vi /etc/profile

8、在末尾追加

PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/php/bin

export PATH

:wq 保存退出,执行命令使得改动立即生效

source /etc/profile

9、配置php-fpm

cp php.ini-production /etc/php.ini

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm

10、启动php-fpm

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

至此就已经安装好php7.1了,希望可以帮助到大家。如需转载请注明出处。
11、启动php-fpm报错:

Starting php-fpm [06-Jul-2018 09:05:16] ERROR: [pool www] cannot get uid for user ‘nginx’

添加该用户,然后启动php-fpm就好了

useradd nginx

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

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